Availability of Testosterone Cypionate
Because people are allowed to use this testosterone legally (through a prescription), it is not often that you will find Testosterone cypionate in the black market. Most of the Testosterone cypionate in the US is manufactured by two companies – Watson and Upjohn – and little of it finds its way to the black market. But there are several companies outside the US that make it along with many underground labs. It is not uncommon to find contaminated products. In fact, Testosterone cypionate is one of the most counterfeited steroids.
Drug abuse is intentional non-therapeutic use of a drug, even once, for its rewarding psychological and physiological effects. Abuse and misuse of Testosterone are seen in male and female adults and adolescents. Testosterone, often in combination with other anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), and not obtained by prescription through a pharmacy, may be abused by athletes and bodybuilders. There have been reports of misuse by men taking higher doses of legally obtained Testosterone than prescribed and continuing Testosterone despite adverse events or against medical advice.
A 2006 study determined that 1-testosterone has a high androgenic and anabolic potency even without being metabolized, so it can be characterized as a typical anabolic steroid. 1-Testosterone binds in a manner that is highly selective to the androgen receptor (AR) and has a high potency to stimulate AR-dependent transactivation . In vivo , an equimolar dose of 1-testosterone has the same potency to stimulate the growth of the prostate , the seminal vesicles and the androgen-sensitive levator ani muscle as the reference anabolic steroid testosterone propionate , but, unlike testosterone propionate, 1-testosterone also increases liver weight.